Soybean variety trials in Rochester, MN 
Study details
The studies were conducted near Rochester, MN (Lawler site) on a Port Byron silt loam: Planted May 18, 2018 with a 4row John Deere planter equipped with cone units.
 Seeding rate: 150,000 seeds per acre at a depth of 1.5 inches.
 Row spacing: 30inch rows.
 Plot size: 4 rows by 22 feet.
 Machine harvested center 2 rows of each plot on October 18, 2018.
Planting soybean with a cone planter. 
Power in study design
The power of our research is that we lay out trials in a statistically sound manner, with randomized and replicated treatments at each location, to help take out effects due to variability across the field (e.g. soil type, drainage, topography, pest pressure, etc.). Each variety was randomly placed into each block or replication. We used four blocks of the treatments (replications), which is considered the standard for field research. We then conducted statistical analysis on the results to help determine if any numerical differences in yield were likely due to actual differences in performance or other factors we couldn’t control.In the tables that follow, moisture and yield results followed by the same letter are considered not statistically different.
What do the letters in the table mean?
For varieties followed by the same letter, we would not expect to see a difference in yield in the field. Even though the average yield of varieties in this case may be numerically different by a few bushels, there was enough variability in yield across replications that no real trend could be found. In other words, we can't say with confidence that these varieties differ in yield.Consider a comparison between variety X vs Y. If variety X yielded more than Y in two replications, and Y more than X in the others, these likely would come out statistically the same. In another example, variety X may outyield Y in one replication by quite a bit, but then yield less than Y in the other three replications. Here again, these likely would not be considered statistically different, although the average yields may not be numerically the same.
The LSD is the "least significant difference" or the minimum difference in yield we need to see before we can say with confidence that there is a true difference in yield between a pair of varieties. The more variability in yield across a plot, the larger the LSD.
The p value (P in the tables below) indicates the probability or confidence we have that two entries differ in yield when the difference is equal to or greater than the LSD. When P = 0.10, this indicates we can be 90% confident variety X performs better than variety Y if the yield difference is equal to or greater than the LSD. Likewise, if P = .20, we would have 80% confidence the two varieties differ in yield when the yield difference is equal to or greater than the LSD. For variety trials, a p value of .10 or .20 is considered standard.
For more information about interpretation of the LSD, see the articles Field studies: What do you mean 5 bushels per acre is not significant? or How to do research on your farm.
2018 Soybean yield results
Tables 1 and 2 provide the yield for the early maturity entries at 13% moisture by entry and yield rank, respectively. Early maturity soybean yield average was 56.7 bu/a with a range of 63.648.8 bu/a.Tables 3 and 4 provide the yield for the late maturity entries at 13% moisture by entry and yield rank, respectively. Late maturity soybean yield average was 61.5 bu/a. with a range of 65.655.1 bu/a.
Table 1. Early maturity (1.11.8) soybean yield results by entry number from Lawler farm, Rochester, MN. Soybeans were harvested October 18, 2018 and yields adjusted to 13 percent moisture.
No.  Name  Maturity  Moisture (%)  Yield (bu/a)  

1  AGRIGOLD G1502RX  1.5  13.2  be  58.7  bf 
2  AGRIGOLD G1710RX  1.7  12.9  fg  55.0  fi 
3  ASGROW AG11X8  1.1  12.8  g  55.6  dh 
4  ASGROW AG17X8  1.7  13.3  bc  52.1  hij 
5  DAHLMAN 6713XN  1.3  13.0 
cf

53.5 
ghi

6  DAHLMAN 6815XN  1.5  12.9  fg  51.4  ij 
7  DAHLMAN 6818XN  1.8  12.8  g  59.1  be 
8  DAIRYLAND DSR1526/R2Y  1.5  13.0  efg  56.9  dg 
9  DAIRYLAND DSR1870/R2Y  1.8  13.2  be  55.0  fi 
10  GOLD COUNTRY1428X  1.4  13.0  bf  55.4  eh 
11  GOLD COUNTRY1827X  1.8  13.2  bcd  55.3  eh 
12  LG SEEDS C1530R2  1.5  12.9  efg  61.5  ab 
13  LG SEEDS C1870R2  1.8  13.9  a  62.2  ab 
14  LEGEND SEEDS LS1422N  1.4  12.9  fg  60.9  abc 
15  LEGEND SEEDS LS16X932N  1.6  12.9  fg  58.9  be 
16  NK S12R3  1.2  13.3  b  51.8  hij 
17  NK S14A6  1.4  12.8  fg  61.8  ab 
18  PRAIRIE BRAND PB1376R2  1.3  13.3  bc  53.8  ghi 
19  PRAIRIE BRAND PB1787R2  1.7  13.0  dg  56.9  dg 
20  STINE 14RD62  1.4  13.0  dg  59.3  bcd 
21  STINE 15BA30  1.5  13.1  bf  48.8  j 
22  TITAN PRO 15M22  1.5  12.9  fg  57.1  cg 
23  TITAN PRO TP18X97  1.8  12.8  fg  63.6  a 
LSD p=0.10  0.25  3.8  
Grand mean  13.0  56.7  
Means followed by the same letter or symbol do not significantly differ at the p=0.10 level. 
Table 2. Early maturity (1.11.8) soybean yield results ranked by yield from Lawler farm, Rochester, MN. Soybeans were harvested October 18, 2018 and yields adjusted to 13 percent moisture.
No.  Name  Maturity  Moisture (%)  Yield (bu/a)  

23  TITAN PRO TP18X97  1.8  12.8  fg  63.6  a 
13  LG SEEDS C1870R2  1.8  13.9  a  62.2  ab 
17  NK S14A6  1.4  12.8  fg  61.8  ab 
12  LG SEEDS C1530R2  1.5  12.9  efg  61.5  ab 
14  LEGEND SEEDS LS1422N  1.4  12.9  fg  60.9  abc 
20  STINE 14RD62  1.4  13.0  dg  59.3  bcd 
7  DAHLMAN 6818XN  1.8  12.8  g  59.1  be 
15  LEGEND SEEDS LS16X932N  1.6  12.9  fg  58.9  be 
1  AGRIGOLD G1502RX  1.5  13.2  be  58.7  bf 
22  TITAN PRO 15M22  1.5  12.9  fg  57.1  cg 
8  DAIRYLAND DSR1526/R2Y  1.5  13.0  efg  56.9  dg 
19  PRAIRIE BRAND PB1787R2  1.7  13.0  dg  56.9  dg 
3  ASGROW AG11X8  1.1  12.8  g  55.6  dh 
10  GOLD COUNTRY1428X  1.4  13.0  bf  55.4  eh 
11  GOLD COUNTRY1827X  1.8  13.2  bcd  55.3  eh 
2  AGRIGOLD G1710RX  1.7  12.9  fg  55.0  fi 
9  DAIRYLAND DSR1870/R2Y  1.8  13.2  be  55.0  fi 
18  PRAIRIE BRAND PB1376R2  1.3  13.3  bc  53.8  ghi 
5  DAHLMAN 6713XN  1.3  13.0 
cf

53.5 
ghi

4  ASGROW AG17X8  1.7  13.3  bc  52.1  hij 
16  NK S12R3  1.2  13.3  b  51.8  hij 
6  DAHLMAN 6815XN  1.5  12.9  fg  51.4  ij 
21  STINE 15BA30  1.5  13.1  bf  48.8  j 
LSD p=0.10  0.25  3.8  
Grand mean  13.0  56.7  
Means followed by the same letter or symbol do not significantly differ at the p=0.10 level. 
Table 3. Late maturity (1.92.4) soybean yield results by entry number from Lawler farm, Rochester, MN. Soybeans were harvested October 18, 2018 and yields adjusted to 13 percent moisture.
No.  Name  Maturity  Moisture (%)  Yield (bu/a)  

1  AGRIGOLD G1990RX  1.9  12.7  ghi  64.1  ab 
2  AGRIGOLD G2250RX  2.2  12.9  fg  61.9  ad 
3  ASGROW AG19X8  1.9  13.3  bc  61.3  be 
4  ASGROW AG21X8  2.1  13.4  b  57.2  fgh 
5  DAHLMAN 6721XN  2.1  13.1  cde  58.0  eh 
6  DAIRYLAND DSR2110/R2Y  2.1  12.9  fg  61.3  be 
7  DAIRYLAND DSR2330/R2Y  2.3  12.9  ef  61.8  be 
8  GOLD COUNTRY2038X  2.0  12.7  hi  64.0  ab 
9  GOLD COUNTRY2138X  2.1  12.9  fgh  61.8  ad 
10  GOLDEN HARVEST G1915X  1.9  13.0  def  62.1  ad 
11  GOLDEN HARVEST G2230X  2.2  12.6  i  63.6  abc 
12  LG SEEDS 2126RX  2.1  13.3  bc  60.1  cf 
13  LG SEEDS 2239RX  2.2  12.7  hi  56.1  gh 
14  LEGEND SEEDS LS 20X963N  2.0  12.7  ghi  64.4  ab 
15  LEGEND SEEDS LS 21X705N  2.1  13.2  cde  55.1  h 
16  PRAIRIE BRAND PB1956R2  1.9  13.0  ef  59.4  dg 
17  PRAIRIE BRAND PB2024R2  2.0  13.0  ef  63.8  abc 
18  STINE 19BA23  1.9  13.2  bcd  65.6  a 
19  STINE 20RD20  2.0  12.9  fgh  64.3  ab 
20  TITAN PRO TP20R25  2.0  12.9  ef  59.2  dg 
21  TITAN PRO TP24X87  2.4  14.0  a  64.9  ab 
LSD p=0.10  0.2  3.8  
Grand mean  13.0  61.5  
Means followed by the same letter or symbol do not significantly differ at the p=0.10 level. 
Table 4. Late maturity (1.92.4) soybean yield results ranked by yield from Lawler farm, Rochester, MN. Soybeans were harvested October 18, 2018 and yields adjusted to 13 percent moisture.
No.  Name  Maturity  Moisture (%)  Yield (bu/a)  

18  STINE 19BA23  1.9  13.2  bcd  65.6  a 
21  TITAN PRO TP24X87  2.4  14.0 
a

64.9 
ab

14  LEGEND SEEDS LS 20X963N  2.0  12.7  ghi  64.4  ab 
19  STINE 20RD20  2.0  12.9  fgh  64.3  ab 
1  AGRIGOLD G1990RX  1.9  12.7  ghi  64.1  ab 
8  GOLD COUNTRY2038X  2.0  12.7  hi  64.0  ab 
17  PRAIRIE BRAND PB2024R2  2.0  13.0 
ef

63.8 
abc

11  GOLDEN HARVEST G2230X  2.2  12.6  i  63.6  abc 
10  GOLDEN HARVEST G1915X  1.9  13.0  def  62.1  ad 
2  AGRIGOLD G2250RX  2.2  12.9  fg  61.9  ad 
7  DAIRYLAND DSR2330/R2Y  2.3  12.9  ef  61.8  be 
9  GOLD COUNTRY2138X  2.1  12.9  fgh  61.8  ad 
3  ASGROW AG19X8  1.9  13.3  bc  61.3  be 
6  DAIRYLAND DSR2110/R2Y  2.1  12.9  fg  61.3  be 
12  LG SEEDS 2126RX  2.1  13.3  bc  60.1  cf 
16  PRAIRIE BRAND PB1956R2  1.9  13.0  ef  59.4  dg 
20  TITAN PRO TP20R25  2.0  12.9  ef  59.2  dg 
5  DAHLMAN 6721XN  2.1  13.1  cde  58.0  eh 
4  ASGROW AG21X8  2.1  13.4  b  57.2  fgh 
13  LG SEEDS 2239RX  2.2  12.7  hi  56.1  gh 
15  LEGEND SEEDS LS 21X705N  2.1  13.2  cde  55.1  h 
LSD p=0.10  0.2  3.8  
Grand mean  13.0  61.5  
Means followed by the same letter or symbol do not significantly differ at the p=0.10 level. 
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