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Pest alert: Armyworm, aphids and two-spotted spider mites

Bruce Potter, IPM specialist

After a slow start, things in the crop pest world are starting to get interesting, but not in a good way.

Armyworm

Armyworm in corn
A Faribault County black light trap caught a very large number of armyworm moths on June 24. We now know where some of that flight ended up. Yesterday and today, I received photos of armyworms and their feeding damage to corn with weedy grasses in west central and central Minnesota.

Currently, it is unknown how widespread the armyworm infestation is within Minnesota. Scout corn and other crops infested with weedy grasses and any lodged grains or forage grasses. Treat whorl stage corn when 25% of plants have two larvae/plant or 75% of plants have one larva or more. On tassel stage corn, focus on minimizing defoliation at or above the ear leaf. 

The economic threshold for small grains and forage grasses is 4-5/square foot.

For more information see: https://extension.umn.edu/corn-pest-management/armyworm.

Aphids

Aphids in alfalfa

Not all aphids in alfalfa are pea aphids. There are some mixed infestations of pea aphids and spotted alfalfa aphids.


Pea aphids.

Spotted alfalfa aphid. Photo: Kansas Department of Agriculture, Bugwood.org

Soybean aphids

Soybean aphid.
Soybean aphids are starting to slowly build in some southern MN fields, while in other indicator fields, populations remain undetected or very low. I am not aware of anything at threshold, but I imagine there could be some fields.

Aphids will lose out to spider mites in areas of prolonged moisture stress.

Two-spotted spider mites

Two-spotted spider mite damage
in Redwood County, Minnesota.
It took a while, but infestations are now starting to show up in drier areas of central, south central and southwestern Minnesota. Mites are favored by hot, weather and moisture-stressed crops. Once an infestation is started, a single, or maybe several rain events will not stop a spider mite infestation.

We need prolonged cool weather to slow mite reproduction and cool temperatures with high humidity to encourage the fungi that help control mites. 

Resistance to chlorpyrifos (Lorsban) has been found in some Minnesota spider mite populations. This article needs a bit of an update, but for pesticide options, see: https://blog-crop-news.extension.umn.edu/2020/07/will-two-spotted-spider-mites-throw.html.


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