Skip to main content


Showing posts from May, 2013

Small Grains Disease Update

Early Season Scouting in Small Grains: Tan Spot
With the overcast and humid days which many parts of the state have been experiencing in the last week, be sure to scout smalls grains for signs of early tan spot infection. Tan spot will be particularly prevalent on previous wheat ground. Spring wheat in trials on the Northwest Research and Outreach Center at Crookston has 100% incidence with tan spot. There is some tan spot in the winter wheat. Early signs of tan spot in fields south of Moorhead, Minnesota, have also been identified.

Central MN Alfalfa Scissors-Cut Data - May 30, 2013

by Dan Martens, Extension Educator, Stearns-Benton-Morrison Counties
Posted Originally in the evening on May 30

The "PDF" document listed provides data from fields we have information from so far for May 30 sampling and previous sample day information. We might get a couple more lab reports on Monday. We aim to sample fields again on Monday June 3 and will make a June 3 posting later in the day. 

Alfalfa Field Data May 30 2013.xls

Soil Residual Herbicide Options after Soybean Emergence

By Lizabeth Stahl, Extension Educator - Crops, and Jeff Gunsolus, Extension Agronomist - Weed Science
With very tight windows of opportunity to plant this year, preemergence herbicides may not have been applied as planned.  Application of a residual herbicide prior to planting or emergence of the crop, in both corn and soybean, is a great weed management strategy overall and also a key tool in managing against herbicide resistance.  What are some of our options if soybeans emerged before a preemergence herbicide application was made?  

Central MN Alfalfa Scissors-Cut Data - May 28, 2013

by Dan Martens, Extension Educator, Stearns-Benton-Morrison Counties
Posted Originally May 28 10 p.m.
UPDATED May 29 about 5:30 p.m. with more data and a couple of notes about situations where PEAQ data is greatly different from lab test results.

The "PDF" document listed here is Central MN Alfalfa Harvest Alert Scissors-Cut Data and PEAQ readings received so far for May 28. We aim to sample again on Thursday May 30 and will post some of that information on Thursday and Friday afternoon.  

Alfalfa Field Data May 28 2013.pdf

Central MN Alfalfa Scissors-Cut Data May 23, 2013

by Dan Martens, Extension Educator, Stearns-Benton-Morrison Counties
Posted originally May 23 10 p.m. UPDATED May 24 5 p.m.

The "PDF" document listed here is Central MN Alfalfa Harvest Alert scissors-cut data and PEAQ readings received so far for May 23. We will be getting more information from May 23 and I will update the "PDF" document listed here and note when it was updated. We will take samples again on Tuesday May 28.
Alfalfa Field Data May 23 2013.pdf

Central MN Alfalfa Scissors-Cut Data May 20, 2013

by Dan Martens, Extension Educator, Stearns-Benton-Morrison Counties
May 20 about 5:45 PM

The link listed here provides Central "MN Alfalfa Harvest Alert" scissors-cut data and PEAQ readings received so far for May 20. If we get more information from May 20 I will update the information in the link posted here. So far we have information from farms in McLeod, Wright and Benton Counties. Samples will be taken again on Thursday May 23.
Alfalfa Field Data May 20 2013.pdf

Hybrid Maturity Considerations for Delayed Corn Planting

By Jeff Coulter, Extension Corn Agronomist
For much of Minnesota, the windows of opportunity for corn planting have been late to arrive and interrupted by weather. This article addresses several concerns about late-planted corn.

Expected yield remains high for corn planted by May 25
University of Minnesota Extension planting date studies show that highest corn yields typically occur when corn is planted by early to mid-May. However, high corn yields can still occur if planting is completed prior to Memorial Day.

University of Minnesota Extension Launches Websites for Alfalfa Weather Damage and Survey to Determine Extent of Alfalfa Damage

By David Nicolai and Doug Holen, Extension Educators - Crops
The University of Minnesota Extension Forage Team has developed a list of resources available to livestock and alfalfa producers affected by the recent alfalfa winter injury and winterkill in 2013. These resources are available at the U of MN Extension forage website:

Sauk Centre Hay Auction Report May 2, 2013

by Dan Martens, U of M Extension Educator in Stearns-Benton-Morrison Counties
Three Items:

1. Reports from May 2, 2013 Sauk Centre Hay Auction (here)
2. Winter Alfalfa Injury Resources (read more)
3. Alfalfa Harvest Alert Scissors Cut Project in Central MN (read more)


May 2 2013 SC Hay Auction.pdf ... A summary of all tested hay lots and bedding materials sold... grouped by kind of hay, type of bale and 25 RFV points... cost per pound of dry matter and per RFV point are calculated.

History of Selected Lots 2012 2013.pdf ... A summary of hay auctions held this year showing Medium Square Alfalfa 101-200 RFV divided in 25 RFV groups, and medium sq. straw.

Graph 2001 to 2013 SC Hay Auction.pdf ... A line graph of these auctions from 2001 to 2013. For the Feb 16 auction, the 176-200 RFV group is just one load - so not really an average.
The next auction at Sauk Centre will be held on Thursday May 16.

Starter and Sulfur Fertilizer use for Corn:Spring 2013

By Daniel Kaiser, Extension Soil Fertility Specialist
With the variation in conditions we have seen this spring there are a few issues that may show up in fields related to cool and wet soils. Purpling of corn leaves due to phosphorus (P) deficiency and early season interveinal striping due to sulfur (S) may occur if temperatures remain cool and we continue to have frequent rains. I want to take some time and outline these issues and some of the related research that has been conducted in the past five years.

Iron Deficiency Chlorosis Research in NW Minnesota

By John Wiersma, Agronomist
Northwest Research and Outreach Center
High pH, highly calcareous soils, common in western Minnesota, restrict the availability of soil Fe needed for optimum soybean growth and yield. On such soils, the amount of Fe fertilizer applied must surpass a threshold before there is sufficient available Fe in the soil solution to induce a positive growth response. Only a limited number of management tactics designed to improve the availability of Fe have been studied with soybean. These include variety selection, seeding density, seed-applied or in-furrow materials, and foliar treatments.

Maximizing forage in winter injured and killed stands, Spring 2013

By Dr. Craig Sheaffer, David Nicolai and Doug Holen
An unusual amount of winter injury and winterkill of alfalfa stands occurred in south central and southern Minnesota. While reports do not represent a detailed analysis of where injury to alfalfa has occurred across Minnesota, they do suggest a need for producers to check on stands and evaluate them for potential winter injury.

Using Grid Soil Sampling to Guide Manure Application

Les Everett, Randy Pepin and Jose A. Hernandez, University of Minnesota

Using grid soil sampling to guide manure application can be a profitable investment, is the conclusion from case studies based on eight Minnesota farms. In fields where there is a history of non-uniform manure application, targeting new manure applications to areas with lower phosphorus and potassium soil test values can result in considerable economic returns above the cost of grid soil sampling. Variable rate manure applicators are not required when fields can be divided into application and no-application zones, with supplemental nitrogen fertilizer in the no-manure zones. The brief case studies are available on the University of Minnesota Extension web page for Manure Management and Air Quality, under Grid Soil Sampling for Manure Application. An introduction, the eight case studies, and a set of short video presentations based on the case studies are available at…